0022Ferdinand & Bell came in just as I finished my tea.
We had fresh tea prepared for them, F. looks pale & thin has
been unwell with Diarhea [sic], they both looked paler than usual.
Mr Fullgraff came in so late I gave him up; he sat down
to make himself agreable [sic] to Bell.
Mr Munlon arrived; dressed for a large party, he staid un.
till nine. then took “french leave”.
Eugene arrived with his party at seven, the Miss Cummings
Miss Bell, Miss Hornblower, Catharine, Maria and Mr Savage
Julia played three pieces with Mr Fullgraff very well.
He had some dancing, but less than what would have been
agreable [sic]. They had fine times in the closet, getting wine
and cordials, Garret kept them in good humour, and
helped me very much in my entertainment.
I only regretted not having invited Mr & Mrs Anelli & brother
Mr Fullgraff, danced & made himself very agreable [sic]
Miss Bell looked pretty, her form is elegant. Catharine
was the belle next to her, she was dressed in a black velvet
[Polke], very becoming.
I made a poor hand at cotillions , did not wish
to exhibit before Mr Fulgraff was obliged to play a reel, he
danced. All left at half past ten.
I went to bed tired, G was gay & [is] frolicsome as a kid.
Mr H. paid the girls their wages, in full to this date.


[1] Cotillions were country dances in square formation (“contre danses a la Francais”) that became fashionable in the late 18th century. The were swept aside in the fashionable world (i.e., London, Paris, Edinborough, etc.) in the 2nd decade of the 19th century. And shortly after that, the quadrille craze hit the shores of North America. But those contrary Americans kept using the term ‘cotillion’ to refer to dances that were actually quadrilles. The two dance types share a lot of moves, but were structured quite differently. The quadrille remained popular for most of the rest of the 19th century and seems to have crystallized into a stable form that was still around when Henry Ford “revived” it in the 1920s. Cotillions as dances faded away, but there is some reason to believe their basic structure and spirit slowly evolved into the rural “hoedown” square dances that bubbled up into general cultural awareness in the 1920s and 30s (A hypothesis still to be tested). The term ‘Cotillion’ was also applied to a type of late 19th century party dance or game also known as “The German.”